Which Agreement Was Reached Under The Great Compromise

Perhaps the greatest debate conducted by delegates to the Constitutional Convention in 1787 focused on the number of representatives each state should have in the legislative department of the new administration, the U.S. Congress. As is often the case in government and politics, the resolution of a great debate required a major compromise – in this case, the Great Compromise of 1787. At the beginning of the Constitutional Convention, delegates imagined a congress consisting of a single chamber with a certain number of representatives from each state. As of July 16, the Convention had already set the minimum age for senators at 30 and the term at six years, compared to 25 years for members of the House of Representatives, with terms of two years. James Madison explained that these distinctions, based on “the nature of Senate confidence that requires a greater degree of information and stability of character,” would allow the Senate to “proceed with more composure, with more system, and with more wisdom than the popular branch [chosen].” During the holidays on the fourth of July, delegates worked out a compromise plan that departed from Franklin`s proposal. On 16 July, the Convention adopted the Grand Compromise with a heartbreaking voice. As the 1987 celebrants duly noted, without this vote there would probably have been no Constitution. To ensure fair and equal representation in the House of Representatives, the process of “redistribution” is used to establish or modify geographical boundaries within the states from which representatives are elected. The principle of protecting small states through equal representation in the Senate is transferred to the Electoral College, which elects the president, since the number of electoral votes allocated to each state is based on the combined number of representatives of a state in the House of Representatives and the Senate. Exactly 200 years earlier, the framers of the U.S.

Constitution, who met at Independence Hall, had reached an extremely important agreement. Their so-called Grand Compromise (or Connecticut Compromise in honor of its architects, Connecticut delegates Roger Sherman and Oliver Ellsworth) offered a dual system of representation in Congress. In the House of Representatives, each state would be allocated a number of seats relative to its population. In the Senate, all states would have the same number of seats. Today, we take this regulation for granted; in the summer of 1787 it was a new idea. After six weeks of unrest, North Carolina changed its vote to equal representation by state, Massachusetts abstained, and a compromise was reached called the “Great Compromise.” In the Grand Compromise, each state received equal representation in one house of Congress, formerly known as the Plan of New Jersey, and in the other, proportional representation formerly known as the Plan of Virginia. Because it was considered more sensitive to the mood of the majority, the House of Representatives was given the power to pass all laws dealing with the federal budget and revenue/taxes under the origination clause. .

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