The two rivals, India and Pakistan, are in conflict over the Afghan peace process. After an attack on a Kabul hospital in May 2020, which the Afghan state accuses the Taliban while the United States blamed the regional branch of ISIS, Pakistan accused India of wanting to derail the trial. The agreement between the United States and the Taliban, signed in February 2020, was considered in India as a “victory of the Taliban and Pakistan”. The Afghan government has denied Pakistan`s allegations, citing that India is a partner.  India was an important military and development aid partner of Afghanistan.  Given these challenges, the risk that the peace process will collapse or stop indefinitely is significant. In both cases, domestic U.S. pressure to withdraw U.S. forces from Afghanistan would likely intensify. Some Republicans and Democrats are already in favor of a total withdrawal of U.S. forces, regardless of the outcome of the negotiations. But that would be a mistake, especially if the Taliban are largely responsible. The United States still has interests in Afghanistan, such as preventing the country from becoming a safe haven for international terrorist groups such as al-Qaeda and the self-proclaimed Islamic State; avoid regional instability, as Russia, Iran, Pakistan and India compete for influence in Afghanistan; and minimize the likelihood of a major humanitarian crisis.
The fall of the Afghan government by the Taliban would likely also be a blessing for Islamist extremists. Finally, a hasty U.S. withdrawal without a peace agreement would no doubt raise serious questions about U.S. reliability on the part of its allies. Another round of talks took place in Qatar in February 2019, with Baradar`s participation in the Taliban delegation – he was released by Pakistan in October 2018 at the request of the United States.   Khalilzad said that this round of negotiations was “more productive than in the past” and that a draft peace agreement had been agreed. The agreement provided for the withdrawal of US and international troops from Afghanistan and the Taliban, which did not allow other jihadist groups to operate in the country.  The Taliban also announced that progress would be made in the negotiations.
 In a variant of this eventuality, the Afghan government and the Taliban could secure a fragile interim agreement, but one or both sides would not implement part of the agreement. . . .