COP 11/CMP 1 was held in Montreal, Canada from 28 November to 9 December 2005. This was the first Conference of the Parties to serve as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP 1) since its first meeting in Kyoto in 1997. It was one of the largest intergovernmental conferences on climate change of all time. The event marked the entry into force of the Kyoto Protocol. With more than 10,000 delegates, it was one of Canada`s largest international events of all time and the largest Montreal assembly since Expo 67. The Montreal Action Plan was an agreement to “extend the duration of the Kyoto Protocol beyond its 2012 expiry date and negotiate deeper reductions in greenhouse gas emissions.”  Canada`s environment minister at the time, Stéphane Dion, said the off agreement created a “map for the future.”   From 23 October to 1 November 27, 2002, COP 8 adopted in New Delhi the Delhi Ministerial Declaration, which called in particular for developed countries to strive to transfer technologies and minimize the impact of climate change on developing countries. In addition, the New Delhi Work Programme is endorsed in Article 6 of the Convention.  COP8 was marked by Russia`s hesitations and said it needed more time to think about it. The Kyoto Protocol could enter into force once ratified by 55 countries, including countries responsible for 55% of industrialised countries` carbon dioxide emissions in 1990. Since the United States (36.1% of the share of industrialized countries) and Australia refused to ratify, Russia`s agreement (17% of global emissions in 1990) had to meet the ratification criteria and Russia could therefore delay the process.   The outcome of the summit was an agreement adopted by the States Parties, which called for the $100 billion per year Green Climate Fund, as well as a Climate Technology Centre and a network. However, funding for the Green Climate Fund has not been agreed.
It was also not agreed on a second period of the Kyoto Protocol, but it was concluded that the base year should be 1990 and that the global warming potentials would be those of the IPCC. . . .