If each First Nation reaches a final agreement, it also reaches a Self-Management Agreement (LMS). This agreement is set out in Chapter 24 of the Umbrella Final Agreement and sets out the powers, powers and responsibilities of each First Nation government. The agreements provide funding that will support the delivery of programs and services at the First Nation level. Under the LMS, the First Nation now has the authority to enact and pass laws concerning its country and its citizens, collect taxes, oversee municipal planning, and manage or co-manage lands and resources. Each First Nation will have a Constitution that will contain the membership code, create governing bodies and provide for its powers and protect the rights and freedoms of citizens. As self-governing bodies, First Nations are not prevented from asserting the rights of a Canadian citizen or business. Eleven of Yukon`s fourteen First Nations are self-managed. This means that First Nations have their own governments with fiscal responsibilities, structures, resources and powers, much like other municipal or territorial governments in Canada. These First Nations are guided by their final country claim agreements, self-management agreements and constitutions.
As part of the BC contract negotiation process, each First Nation negotiates self-government rules to meet its unique social, cultural, political and economic needs. All federal organizations are responsible for developing and delivering directives and programs that are consistent with the rights and provisions of modern treaties and self-government agreements. This course provides more detailed information on how the federal government implements these agreements. Participants learn how to assess the impact of modern contracts and apply a modern line of contract and self-management to the development of guidelines, programs and services. This course is offered by Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada with the Land Claims Agreement Coalition. Self-determination is a fundamental principle of self-management, the BC Treaty negotiation process and is also reflected in the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. In a communal style of self-management, administrative powers are delegated by an act of Parliament and an act of the BC Legislature and have no constitutional protection. The Sechelt Indian Band Self-Government Act is an example of a self-government agreement at the local level.
The IAFF confirms that the future Inuvialuit government will be able to legislate and will have other powers and responsibilities with respect to Inuvialuit. The Inuvialuit government will have the authority to legislate and enforce Inuvialuit laws, design policies and programs, and provide programs and services to the Inuvialuit. Inuvialuit laws apply to the Inuvialuit living in the Western Arctic and to the six Inuvialuit communities. The Inuvialuit government would have powers over issues such as language and culture, health, social services, social assistance, education, economic development and justice. For some of these issues, the new government will have full legislative authority, while for others, it will provide programs and services in partnership with the territorial or federal government or receive a transfer of funding from other levels of government to deliver programs and services. As part of the BC Treaty negotiation process, self-management is established and managed by the Treaty. Rules of autonomy may include education, language, culture, policing, health care, social services, housing, property rights, the best interests of the child and other provisions agreed upon by the three parties. A first nation implementing a modern treaty will govern itself and have a constitution and legislative power over the contracting country and the provisions of public services. . .